Bitcoin tumbled almost 9 percent on Monday, to its lowest in six months, as fears of a Russian attack on Ukraine saw riskier assets worldwide extend their sell-off.
The largest cryptocurrency was trading down 8.8 percent at $33,058, its lowest since July 23, taking losses from its all-time high of $69,000 in November past 50 percent.
The US State Department said on Sunday it was ordering diplomats' family members to leave Ukraine, in one of the clearest signs yet that American officials are bracing for an aggressive Russian move in the region.
Fears of conflict pummelled shares across the world while bolstering the dollar and oil.
Nerves over the US Federal Reserve's two-day meeting, starting on Tuesday, added to the mix, with the central bank expected to confirm it will soon start draining the pool of liquidity that has supercharged growth stocks.
Smaller cryptocurrencies, which tend to move in tandem with bitcoin, also slumped. Second-largest digital coin ether fell 13 percent to $2,202, its lowest since July 27. Binance Coin, the fourth-biggest token that is issued by the eponymous crypto exchange, was down 12 percent.
"Bitcoin will face headwinds going back up until the macroeconomic conditions change," said Mark Elenowitz, president of Horizon, a firm that services securities exchanges.
"Generally speaking, when rates are hiked, we could see more sell-offs of seemingly risk-on assets like bitcoin."
US-listed cryptocurrency miners Riot Blockchain, Marathon Digital and Bit Digital slumped between 7.3 percent and 12 percent in premarket trading, while crypto exchange Coinbase Global dropped 7.8 percent.